Graphology, or the study of handwriting, has long been an area of fascination. 1stDIBS analyze the signatures of celebrated creators and share their insights.
Graphology, or the study of handwriting, has long been an area of fascination. From speculating about the personality traits of famous figures to tracking down “whodunit” in a Sherlock Holmes novel, deriving deeper meaning from simple letters is psychologically compelling.
Below, The 1stDIBS editorial team examine the signatures of 12 artists with larger-than-life legacies to give you insight into the personalities behind the names. Jump to the analyses or continue reading to learn a bit more about graphology and its methods.
Photos of Frida Kahlo (left), 1932, by Guillermo Kahlo, and Salvador Dalí (right), 1939, by Carl Van Vechten
Graphology at a Glance
Like any (semi-)scientific discipline, graphology is extremely granular and specific, examining factors from line spacing and pen pressure all the way down to the dotting of i’s and crossing of t’s. Without getting too much into the weeds, we’ve highlighted the main elements of analytical interest, presenting famous artist signatures as examples, so you can see how graphology draws conclusions about signers’ personalities. Play the video in each section to reveal the artist’s signature and how it relates to the analysis.
Signature size is one of the first things we notice. That’s fitting, since it is thought to correlate with the signer’s public self-image and level of confidence. Think of John Hancock’s exuberant autograph on the Declaration of Independence or Oprah Winfrey’s confident capitals. You can see this type of positive self-image reflected in Joan Miró’s signature above — the large, bold M especially indicating a self-assured individual.
Big signature: Upbeat, confident, outsize personality
Medium signature: Well-adjusted, modest, good self-image
Small signature: Focused, introspective, keeps to oneself
A signature’s slant correlates to inner feelings and emotions. Graphologists look at not only the slant’s direction but also its angle and frequency. Salvador Dalí’s signature above leans mostly to the right, indicating a kind and sympathetic spirit and a resistance to convention. However, it straightens at the end, which points to significant intelligence and reasoning capabilities.
Right slant: Affectionate, kind, honest, tendency to opposition
Left slant: Frustrated, reserved, difficulty with decision making
Straight: Calm, determined, stable, proud
When it comes to graphology, not only does size matter, but the width of each letter is important as well. Professional graphologists measure letter width on a millimeter scale, and even half a millimeter can make a difference in how the writer’s personality is interpreted. In Rembrandt’s signature above, the wide letters suggest that the famed painter was extroverted and social, with a generous side. The wide spacing between them, however, indicates a need for compliments and recognition.
Very wide (4.5 mm or more): Visionary, prideful, vain
Wide (3.5 mm to 4.5 mm): Confident, optimistic, communicative, conceited
Medium (2.5 mm to 3.5 mm): Spontaneous, sociable, emotionally balanced
Small (1.5 mm to 2.5 mm): Practical, routine-oriented, meticulous, shy
Very small (under 1.5 mm): Rational, precise, demanding
In graphology, letter, word and line spacing are all important elements to consider. Letter spacing is believed to indicate someone’s level of generosity and openness to others. In Pablo Picasso’s signature above, the clear gaps between the letters suggest a cheerful and friendly disposition.
Large spaces: Generous, happy, expansive personality
No spaces: Intellectual, closed off from others, anxious
The pressure put on the writing implement can reveal the writer’s emotional capabilities. Pressure is measured not only by how dark or light the marks are but also how the color intensity changes throughout a piece of writing.
Heavy pressure: Determined, consistent, strong-minded
Light pressure: Doubtful, ungrounded, insecure
Mixed pressure: Sensitive, impulsive, trouble concentrating
Letter Example: Lowercase a
Graphology is usually conducted on a microlevel, analyzing every uppercase and lowercase letter with respect to size, shape, weight and more. We’re not going into that much detail with our artist signatures, but here is one example for fun using a lowercase a. In addition to the factors listed above, graphologists look at the shape and openings of individual letters to determine personality traits.
Lowercase a Shape
Round: Diplomatic, reserved, doesn’t trust easily
Oval: Kind, social, creative
Pointed at the top: Tenacious, determined, dignified
Pointed at the bottom: Overly sensitive, stubborn, difficulty communicating
Lowercase a Opened or Closed
Open at the top: Honest, extroverted, tends to talk a lot
Open at the bottom: Protective, distrustful, tends toward deception
Open on the left: Tactful, introverted, values routine
Closed at the top: Reserved, cautious, tends to be defensive toward strangers
Closed at the bottom: Quick thinking, adaptable, values planning
Closed on the left: Shy, practical, calculating
What we see as simply messy handwriting or an enthusiastic flourish holds a world of meaning for those who know what to look for!
12 Artist Signatures and Monograms
Now that you understand a bit about how handwriting can reveal personality traits, take a look at the signatures of 12 famous artists below for psychological insights into these cultural icons.
So, are you ready to start analyzing your own signature? You might be surprised by the traits you uncover about yourself.
In collaboration with 1stDIBS
Original Article Written by 1stDIBS Editorial Team
Animation and Graphics created by 1stDIBS Editorial Team